Introduction to Memory Management in Operating System


Introduction to Memory Management

The fundamental motivation behind a computer framework is to execute programs. These programs, along with the information they access, must be at any rate mostly in main memory during execution. Sometimes main memory is also known as primary memory. So primary memory is a prime asset in computer frameworks. Its management is a significant capacity for the operating system. Nonetheless, around there the operating system relies vigorously upon hardware support, and the policies and data structures that are utilized are directed by the help that is accessible. To improve both the use of the CPU and the speed of its reaction to users, a general-purpose computer must keep a few procedures in memory.

In reality, three major players are associated with taking care of memory. The first is the compiler, which structures the location or address space of an application. The second is the operating system, which maps the compiler’s structures onto the hardware. The third is simply the hardware, which plays out the genuine access to memory locations.

Players of memory handing
Players of memory handing

Definition of Memory Management

Memory Management is the way toward controlling and organizing computer memory, assigning bits known as blocks to different running programs to enhance the general execution of the framework.

It is the most significant function of an operating system that manages primary memory. It encourages procedures to move back and forward between the primary memory and the execution disk. It causes the operating system to monitor each memory location, regardless of whether it is allotted to some procedure or it stays free.

Also check: Demand Paging in Operating System

Why Memory Management is required

The major tasks of the memory management segment of an operating system are to guarantee the safe execution of programs by giving:

  • Sharing of memory
  • Protection of memory

Also Check: What is system

Sharing of memory

In an operating system, sharing of memory is a memory that might be simultaneously accessed by more programs with the expectation to give correspondence among them or maintain a strategic distance from repetitive duplicates. Sharing of memory is an effective method for passing information between programs. Contingent upon context, programs may run on a single processor (uniprocessor) or on different separate processors (multiprocessor).

Also check: segmentation in os

Issues in sharing memory

Transparency Several procedures may coincide, uninformed of one another, in the primary memory and run regardless of the number and area of procedures.
Safety (or protection) Neither processes nor operating systems degenerate one another
Efficiency CPU usage must be protected and memory must be reasonably apportioned.
Relocation The ability of a program to run in various memory locations.

Also check: Memory Fragmentation in Operating System

Memory protection

The subsequent major task of memory management is to protect programs sharing a memory from one another. This security additionally covers the operating system itself. Memory insurance can be given at both of the two levels:

Hardware: Address interpretation

– Language subordinate: solid composing

– Language free: software programming issue disengagement

Here are some more explanations behind utilizing memory management:

  • It permits a user to check how much memory should be distributed to processes that choose which processor ought to get memory at what time.
  • Tracks at whatever point stock gets liberated or unallocated. As indicated by it will refresh the status.
  • It dispenses the space to application schedules.
  • It likewise ensures that these applications don’t meddle with one another.
  • It helps protect various procedures from one another.
  • It places the programs in memory with the goal that memory is used to its full degree.

Advantages of memory management scheme:

A user can get or put their information to an ideal location;

  • It provides a processing capacity of information increments.
  • Time utilization in loading is decreased.
  • RAM management turns out to be better.
  • Data turns out to be progressively secure.
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