Let’s learn the Top 23 differences between Java and Python. Programming languages play a vital role in the life of computers. Java is the oldest used language. Python has also made its distinctiveness in machine learning applications. Both languages are object-oriented. Both are used for web-based applications. Java is a bit longer to write coding. On the other hand Python is quite short. Both languages are having their benefits. In this blog, we will discuss 23 differences between Java and Python. Firstly take a look at What is Java and Python?

What Is JAVA?

JAVA  is a programming language that is class-based, object-oriented, and designed to have as little implementation dependencies as possible. it is a computing platform firstly released by Sun Microsystems in 1995. There are lots of websites and applications that will not work only if you have installed java. Java applications are usually compiled to byte-code that can run on  (JVM) Java virtual machine despite fundamental computer architecture. Java is secure, fast and reliable.

What is Python?

Python is a popular programming language. It was produced by Guido van Rossum and released in 1991. It is used for web development (server-side), software development, system scripting mathematics. Python is easy to learn which reduces the cost of program maintenance. Python supports packages and modules, which encourages program modularity and code’s reuse ability.

Top 23 Differences between Java and Python

1. Cross-Platform SupportJava offers huge cross-platform support. The JVM (Java Virtual Machine) runs on a variety of platformsIt supports a variety of platforms but usually tracks JAVA
2. CommunitiesA large community of JAVA

Across the globe

The large community of Python is

Across the globe

3. SyntaxComplexStraightforward
4. Ease of UseHarder to learnEasier to learn
5. PerformanceFasterSlower
6. CompilationJava is a compiled languagePython is an Interpreted Language
7. Dynamic or StaticJava is statically typedPython is dynamic typed
8. PortabilityAny mobile device or computer which can run the (JVM) Java virtual machine can run a Java applicationPython’s program needs an interpreter installed on the end machine to translate Python code. As compared to Java, Python is less portable.
9. ArchitectureJava Virtual Machine
(JVM) provides the runtime environment to execute the code and convert byte code into machine language.
In python, the interpreter translates the source code into a machine-independent byte code.
10. Reading fileJava takes 10 lines of code to read from a file in Java.Python only needs 2 lines of code.
11. Multiple inheritancesMultiple inheritances are partially done through interfaces.python offers both single and multiple inheritances.
12. Gaming Development EnginesJMonkeyEngineCocos, Panda3d
13. The technology used by popular companiesAirbnb, Netflix, Spotify, Instagram.Uber, Technologies, Dropbox, Google.
14. Syntax exampleclass A {

public static void main(String args[])





Yuvayana  in Python:

print “Yuvayana”;

15. Backend FrameworksSpring, BladeDjango, Flask
16. UsesJava is best for Web application services, Desktop GUI apps, Embed Systems, etc.Python is superb for scientific and numeric computing, Machine learning apps, more.
17. Best featuresGreat libraries

Widely used

Excellent tooling

The huge amount of documentation available.

Readable code

Rapid development

Beautiful code

18. Braces vs. IndentationIt uses curly braces to define the beginning and end of each function and class definition.Python uses indentation to separate code into code blocks.
19. ConnectivityJava offers stable connectivityPython offers weak connectivity.
20. String FunctionsJava offers limited string related functionsPython offers lots of string related functions.
21. SpeedIt has a high execution speed.Its execution speed is less.
22. SalaryJava’s  engineer salary is somewhat lesser than Python ‘s engineerPython’s Engineer takes more salary
23. Learning curveIt has a complex learning curveIt has an easy learning curve



From the above discussion, it is evident that both programming languages have their value. It depends on the project size and complexity of which language to choose? Python is much simpler and easier for beginners where Java is not as simple as Python.Java is suitable for developing enterprise applications. In this blog we have discussed 23 differences between Java and Python. If you are having any doubt feel free to ask me in the comment box.


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