File system is deployed for managing the files whereas the DBMS is deployed for storing the data. In this tutorial, we will discuss the difference between DBMS and file system.
So read on the full article to know more about DBMS vs File system.
What is DBMS?
The DBMS is a software which is used to manage the database. Oracle, MySQL, etc are the well-liked examples of commercial DBMS used in different applications. DBMS provides the following tasks to users:
- Data Definition:Data Definition helps in the creation, removal, and modification of definitions that define the organization of data in the database.
- Data Updation: Data Updation helps in insertion, deletion, and modification of the actual data in the database.
- Data Retrieval:Data Retrieval assists in the retrieval of data from the database that can be used by applications for various purposes.
- User Administration:User Administration helps in registering and monitoring users. Moreover, monitoring performance, enforcing data security, maintaining data integrity. And dealing with concurrency control and recovering information ruined by unpredicted failure.
What is File System?
The file system controls the data using files in the hard disk. Users are permitted to create, update, and delete the files according to their needs. But File system includes following things as compared to DBMS:
- Inconsistency of Data: if multiple copies of the same data do not match with each other than data is known to be inconsistent.
- Redundancy of data: if the same data is copied at many places the data is known to be redundant.
- No Concurrent Access: The file system does not permit any concurrency. Data can be accessed by only one user at a time. At a similar time the access of the same data by multiple users is known as concurrency.
- Unauthorized Access:File Systems may lead to unauthorized access to data.
- No Backup and Recovery:File system does not support any backup and recovery of data, in case a file is lost or corrupted.
Difference between DBMS and File System:-
DBMS VS File System
|Software to create and manage databases||Software that manages the data files in a computer|
|2. Uses||Helps to easily store, retrieve and manipulate data in a database||Helps to store a collection of raw data files into the hard disk.|
|3. Operations||Operations such as updating, searching, selecting data is easier since it allows using SQL querying||Tasks such as storing, retrieving, and searching are done manually, so it is difficult to manage data.|
|4. Data Consistency||It provides higher data consistency using normalization.||Has data inconsistency.|
|5. Data redundancy||There is a low data redundancy||There is more redundant data|
|6. Security||Comparatively less data security||Provides more security to data|
|7. Backup and Recovery||Has a Sophisticated backup and recovery||The backup and recovery process is not efficient because it is not possible to recover the lost data.|
|8. Suitability||Suitable for medium to large organizations or multiple users||Appropriate to handle data of a small scale organization or individual users|
|9. Handling||Handling is a complex||Handling is easy|
|10. Procedures||In DBMS, the user is not required to write the procedures.||In this system, the user has to write the procedures for managing the database.|
|11. System Failure||DBMS protects the user from system failure.||While entering some data, if the system crashes, then the content of the file will also be lost.|
|12. Data View||DBMS gives an abstract view of data that hides the details.||The file system presents the detail of the data representation and storage of data.|
|13. Storage Techniques||DBMS contains a wide variety of sophisticated techniques to store and retrieve the data.||The file system can’t efficiently store and retrieve the data.|
|14. Protection||DBMS provides a good protection mechanism.||The file system offers the detail of the storage of data and data representation.|
|15. Concurrent access||DBMS takes concern of Concurrent access to data using some form of locking.||Concurrent access has many problems in the File System like redirecting the file while others deleting some information or updating some information.|
|16. Cash Recovery mechanism||DBMS provides a crash recovery mechanism|
The file system doesn’t have a crash mechanism
In this tutorial, we have discussed about the difference between DBMS and file system. If you are having any doubt, ask me freely in the comment box.